CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR SOCIETY
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
CHARTERED BY THE CONGRESS
FROM THE DESK OF:
CAPTAIN WILLIAM L. McGONAGLE, USN (RET.)
MEMBER, CMOH SOCIETY
October 24, 1998
AN OPEN LETTER TO PRESIDENT CLINTON
Re: Jonathan POLLARD
1. Please DO NOT release Jonathan POLLARD, a convicted traitor of the
United States, to the Government of Israel, as part of the Middle East
peace process, or for any other reason.
2. Please DO NOT release Jonathan POLLARD to the Government of Israel
where he could continue to cause irreparable security harm to the United
States of America.
3. Please DO NOT release Jonathan POLLARD to the Government of Israel
until and unless the Government of Israel acknowledges, in writing and
publicly, that the Government of Israel's armed forces (air and naval)
deliberately attacked USS LIBERTY (AGTR-5) (A Technical Research Ship) on
June 8, 1967.
Israeli aircraft conducted surveillance of the ship within moments of our
arrival on station off the coast of the Sinai on the morning of June 8,
1967. The ship was soon identified as USS LIBERTY by Israeli Naval
Headquarters, by referring to "JANE'S FIGHTING SHIPS" 1966 OR 1967 issue,
which showed a photograph of the ship and listed in detail its
characteristics. In fact, an identification "tower" was placed on their
Battle Plot with an "A" on the tower to identify the ship as an American
ship. The plot was not kept up to date, and was removed when the watch
changed at noon that day. The ship was overflown on several occasions
before the attack commenced. An Israeli Naval Officer went to the
American Embassy Naval Attache' to obtain information that the ship was
indeed USS LIBERTY, but the US Naval Attache' did not have our operating
schedule, so he could neither confirm or deny that the ship was the USS
When the attack began about 2:00 p.m. (local time) the ship was subjected
to relentless and repeated murderous fire from the attacking aircraft
(which were unmarked - a violation of international law). The gun crews
of the two (2) bow .50 cal. machine guns were killed during the initial
strike on the ship. We could not man the starboard bridge level .50 cal.
machine gun, because our life boat was burning (1) deck below and the heat
did not allow anyone to approach the gun. We could not man the port
bridge level .50 cal. machine gun, because two (2) 55 gallon gasoline
drums were burning furiously one (1) deck below. Again the heat of the
flames prevented anyone from approaching the gun. WE WERE DEFENSELESS
against the onslaught of eight (8) or more firing passes by at least four
(4) aircraft, and the strafing and launching of five (5) torpedoes by
three (3) motor torpedo boats. That a larger number of casualties was not
reported is a tribute to the fighting spirit of the officers, crew,
civilians, and Marines, when they had nothing to defend themselves with,
during our awesome hours of peril.
USS LIBERTY (AGTR-5), a Technical Research ship was sailing legally and
peacefully, in international waters in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea,
twelve and one-half (12.5) nautical miles from the nearest land off the
coast of Sinai, during the Arab-Israeli SIX Day war, when it was attacked,
without warning or provocation, by four (4) unidentified jet fighter
aircraft, firing rockets, machine guns, and napalm. The ship was then
strafed and torpedoed by three (3) Israeli motor torpedo boats. One (1)
torpedo exploded in the Research spaces of the ship, where it caused the
majority of the fatalities. The Government of Israel shortly after the
attack acknowledged that their armed forces conducted the assault. The
apology for the attack was accepted, but the reason for the attack as
"misidentification" was never accepted by the US Government.
Thirty-four (34) officers, sailors, a civilian, and a US Marine were
killed or died of their wounds as a result of the attack. One hundred
seventy-one (171) additional crew members received wounds as a result of
the attack. The Government of Israel did compensate the families of those
killed, the individuals that were wounded, and eventually paid reparations
for the damage done to the ship and its equipment. The ship remained
afloat, in spite of the extensive hull damage from the torpedo explosion,
and after hull repairs in Malta, the ship returned to Little Creek, VA,
apparently to avoid undue publicity that the ship probably would have
received had it returned to its home port of Norfolk, VA. No high level
Executive Branch members welcomed the ship home to the USA, as was the
practice in later years, such as the Battleship IOWA, and other
Except for a few high ranking naval officers, no one has felt our pain of
not knowing exactly why the ship was attacked. Over thirty-one (31) years
after the attack, the crew is entitled to know the details concerning the
attack by the Government of Israel and also the details of the role the US
Government in the entire affair. Why were our aircraft recalled to their
carriers on two (2) occasions before they reached our location to assess
the situation, and what official ordered the recall after "Hot Line"
communication was established with Moscow to alert Nasser that the planes
were being sent to see what the condition of USS LIBERTY was? None of the
planes ever reached our location. For over seventeen (17) hours we
received no assistance from US forces in the Mediterranean.
This is the only US Navy ship attacked by a foreign nation, involving a
large loss of life and so many personnel injured that has never been
accorded a full Congressional hearing.
About a year after the attack, USS LIBERTY was dismantled and scrapped.
The ship was awarded the Combat Action ribbon, and the Presidential Unit
Citation, and many crew members received individual combat awards (Navy
Cross, two (2) posthumously, Silver Star, Bronze Star, etc.).
I was the Commanding Officer, USS LIBERTY (AGTR-5) at the time of the
attack, and was presented the Medal of Honor, by the Secretary of the
Navy, at the Navy Yard on June 11, 1968, for my performance of duty during
the attack and post-attack recovery period.
4. Please DO NOT delay release of Jonathan POLLARD, until after the
elections on November 3, 1998, if it is your intention to release him,
with or without due consultation with US military and security experts.
If you are going to release him in any case, please let the people know of
your intentions and executive action before they vote in the upcoming
William L. McGonagle
Captain, USN (Ret.)